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Stuxnet the movie: The U.S. has pwned Iran

Tim Greene | July 11, 2016
Zero Days=A documentary about Stuxnet which emphasizes on cyber operations against Iraq

The new documentary about Stuxnet, ‘Zero Days’, says the U.S. had a far larger cyber operation against Iran called Nitro Zeus that has compromised the country’s infrastructure and could be used as a weapon in any future war.

Quoting unnamed sources from inside the NSA and CIA, the movie says the Nitro Zeus program has infiltrated the systems controlling communications, power grids, transportation and financial systems, and is still ready to “disrupt, degrade and destroy” that infrastructure if a war should break out with Iran.

The multi-million dollar program was run from within the NSA during the same time Stuxnet was active, and was put in place should the U.S. be drawn into a war there because Israel launched an attack against Iran, according the film by academy award winning director Alex Gibney. The movie opened in U.S. theaters today.

Stuxnet, the worm discovered in 2010, infected computers inside an Iranian uranium-enrichment facility and damage the centrifuges purifying the ore.

The U.S. was concerned about that possibility of war with Iran in part because Israel, which partnered in creating Stuxnet, unilaterally altered the code and released a more aggressive version of the worm. That version was less stealthy and was discovered by cybersecurity researchers.

For those well versed in cybersecurity the movie is disappointing in that it doesn’t delve into the finer points of Stuxnet and how it worked. At the same time, it does a creditable job of explaining the worm to a general audience and making clear what made it innovative and effective.

For the more technically inclined, the film contains some riveting interviews with researchers at Symantec who devoted their lives to unraveling the code line by line to figure out what it did, how it did it, who created it and what the target was.

It was also a bit chilling in that after they figured out that governments were behind the worm they worried that the researchers themselves might be targeted to keep them silent. One Friday night, says Symantec researcher Eric Chien, he said to his research partner Liam O Murchu, “I’m not suicidal. If I should show up dead on Monday, it wasn’t me.”

The film interviews Sean McGurk, the director of cyber activities at US-CERT, which is part of the Department of Homeland Security. DHS spent a lot of time trying to figure out how Stuxnet might pose a threat to U.S. critical infrastructure because no one told it that Stuxnet was a U.S. operation, he says.

Beyond the technical aspects, the movie delves into the broader consequences of cyberwarfare and how there are few rules governing it. Use of offensive cyber tactics must be approved by the president, the only weapon requiring such authorization except for nuclear missiles.


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