A more flexible workplace
"The office environment in the future 15 years from now will feel as different from today as maybe today feels from the 1800s," Brown said. "It's going to feel uncomfortable for some of us, but that's what progress is about."
Brown and Hansen predicted a more fluid workplace, in which workers can work wherever they want, companies share office space and hire staff on demand, and there is greater reliance on "electronic teammates."
"The pace of change will be different by industry, by country, by culture and I'll think you'll see more progressive companies that are more hungry for talent force themselves to go more quickly," Brown said. "But it is going to happen--it's inevitable." Workers increasingly seek more flexibility to work on their own terms, Brown said. They include older people who decide to retire later but don't want full-time office jobs, as well as millennials who join the workforce with an expectation that they can work whenever and wherever they want, he said.
Ingrained culture remains a barrier to companies allowing remote working, said Brown. "People still like to see their workers in the office," he said. "I think it is something that will naturally change over time, but it's not going to change rapidly."
"Office as a service" may be an answer for companies who want to do more remote working without completely giving up face time, Brown said. Multiple companies could share one office space, reserving the space only for the times they need to meet, he said.
"Permanent space just doesn't make sense any more," he said. An early stage of the trend is hot desking, in which employees share desks in the office, Brown said. Companies may ultimately take a blended approach in which they keep one physical space for their headquarters but use temporary offices for extended staff, he said.
Also, Brown predicted more "dynamic teams" in which companies temporarily employ "guns for hire," bringing in specific skills for specific jobs. This may mean fewer full-time jobs and more part-time jobs to handle the same amount of work, he said.
The Intel evangelist also expects to see more reliance on computers that can take over some of the more mundane aspects of a person's job.
"The questions that we have to ask ourselves here are what are the tasks that are uniquely human ... and what are that tasks that are perhaps better done by a knowledge system?"
Computers are unlikely to take over completely, said Brown. "I don't think we're all at risk of being replaced by robots any time soon."
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