Two states, Alaska and Arizona, currently allow voters to return ballots via email or Web upload, according to the National Conference of State Legislatures. Other countries, including Belgium, Norway and Israel, have also experimented with Internet voting.
A Internet voting system that includes E2E-VIV could be ready for use in small-scale elections, such as voting for overseas military members, within five years, Kiniry said. Internet voting on a U.S. nationwide level will take longer, with issues such as large-scale security, cost and access to computers for low-income voters still needing to be resolved, he said.
"To build and deploy a system used in federal elections in America that security professionals would trust? That's a longer time frame," he said.
The report's authors are presenting it at a meeting of the National Association for Secretaries of State, the top election officials in U.S. states, happening this weekend in Portland, Maine.
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