In addition, the implementation of local and federal guidelines and regulatory standards, as well as a legal framework for self-driving cars, continue to prove challenging, IHS said. Various states and regions have taken appropriate measures to begin to develop these frameworks, while others are still crafting their approach.
While the U.S. federal government has released "guidelines" for policies on self-driving vehicles, laws governing their testing and sales continue to be a patchwork of state regulations.
In February, backers of fully autonomous vehicles won a major victory when the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration sent a letter to Google explaining that the artificial intelligence used to pilot Google's autonomous vehicle could considered the "driver" for some (but not all) regulatory purposes.
Daimler unveiled the new autonomous 18-wheeler last year during a ceremony at the Hoover Dam. The Freightliner Inspiration Truck, a concept truck, underwent extensive testing, Daimler said, before the Nevada DMV let it operate on public roads in the state. Last year, the truck was driven more than 10,000 miles during a test in Germany.
Also in February, President Obama's federal budget proposal included a 10-year, $3.9 billion investment for advancing autonomous vehicle technology, including large deployment pilots in communities around the country.
"Increasing competition from the high-tech and other industries is accelerating the auto industry's autonomous software and cybersecurity development efforts," Carlson said. "Those who don't adjust to a changing world will unfortunately be left behind, or will at least face a very different industry."
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