Apple's head of software engineering took to The Washington Post's op-ed page Sunday to reprise many of the arguments the company -- and supporters -- have made to contest a federal court order that would compel it to help the FBI break into a passcode-locked iPhone.
"The encryption technology built into today's iPhone represents the best data security available to consumers," asserted Craig Federighi, vice president of software engineering at Apple, in a piece published by the newspaper yesterday. But "the FBI, Justice Department and others in law enforcement are pressing us to turn back the clock to a less-secure time and less-secure technologies."
One of those "others in law enforcement" was Cyrus Vance Jr., the District Attorney for New York County, who last week urged Congress to mandate that Apple revert to the security features of 2013's iOS 7. Vance has said that's necessary so investigators can extract data from the more than 200 iPhones his office possesses as evidence in a wide range of criminal cases.
"They have suggested that the safeguards of iOS 7 were good enough and that we should simply go back to the security standards of 2013. But the security of iOS 7, while cutting-edge at the time, has since been breached by hackers. What's worse, some of their methods have been productized and are now available for sale to attackers who are less skilled but often more malicious," Federighi said.
Apple is fighting a February court order that compels it to assist the FBI in gaining entry to an iPhone 5C used by Syed Rizwan Farook, who along with his wife, Tafsheen Malik, killed 14 in San Bernardino, Calif. on Dec. 2, 2015 before they died in a shootout with police. The government has labeled the attack an act of terrorism.
The order would require Apple to create a customized version of iOS that would disable several security safeguards, then put the software on the device so authorities can bombard it with passcode guesses. The FBI has said it believes there is unique information on Farook's iPhone that will help its investigation.
Apple and its supporters -- 16 organizations, companies or groups of companies filed "friends of the court" briefs last week backing the firm's position -- have cited legal and constitutional arguments contesting the use of the All Writs Act. They have also contended that the creation of the FBI's tool would dampen enthusiasm for software updates, reduce the country's overall cyber security and unleash a flood of similar demands from authoritarian governments worldwide.
"If the U.S. government can demand these kinds of backdoors, other governments more repressive and less restrained than our own will surely demand them as well," wrote lawyers for the Center for Democracy and Technology in its amicus brief last week. "This danger will make our technological infrastructure weaker and more susceptible to foreign espionage and cyberattack."
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