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The Petraeus scandal and computer ethics

Mark Gibbs | Nov. 21, 2012
Last week Gen. David Petraeus, the director of the Central Intelligence Agency, resigned in response to what has turned out to be a much bigger scandal than it first appeared.

Last week Gen. David Petraeus, the director of the Central Intelligence Agency, resigned in response to what has turned out to be a much bigger scandal than it first appeared.

We've gone from a complaint to the FBI by one woman, Jill Kelley, over harassing anonymous email messages that were sent, it turned out, by another woman, Paula Broadwell (who was, of all things, Petraeus' biographer) that exposed the affair Petraeus had had with the latter and which has now embroiled another senior military man, Gen. John Allen, because of email sent to the first woman.

I was tempted to provide a some kind of business intelligence style interactive taxonomic diagram to explain all of this mess, but I simply haven't quite got my head around who's who yet.

The only plausible explanation for the behavior of these people is that they must have all recently escaped from an asylum (see CNN's article "Timeline of the Petraeus affair" along with a ridiculous number of sidebars slicing and dicing every aspect).

What is fascinating about this case is how the FBI examined messages in Kelley's account to find out who was harassing her, which led them to discover the emails between Kelley and Allen, and then how they proved the anonymous messages came from Broadwell.

The FBI relied on the Electronic Communications Privacy Act (ECPA) to legitimize its investigation and, according to the Electronic Frontier Foundation's posting "When Will our Email Betray Us? An Email Privacy Primer in Light of the Petraeus Saga," the bureau cross-referenced the IP addresses of Wi-Fi hotspots Broadwell had used while traveling "'against guest lists from other cities and hotels, looking for common names.' If Broadwell wanted to stay anonymous, a new email account combined with open Wi-Fi was not enough."

I recommend carefully reading the EFF article, which dissects a very complicated topic and clearly shows how incredibly weak our protections are from unwarranted government search of our private messaging.

Anyway, be all that as it may, I will refrain from dwelling any further on the sordid yet highly entertaining details other than to note that the whole reason all of these people got swept up into the scandal was due to two things: their unethical behavior and their use of email.

Curiously, ethical lapses and email often go hand in hand ... in fact, unethical behavior is commonplace in all forms of Internet communication for two reasons.

First, it's easy to do things that are unethical when you're dealing with a computer interface rather than a person. The lack of an empathetic human connection makes it easy to forget or ignore virtues such as politeness, honesty, generosity and fairness. Second, the medium is so new we have neither a sound social foundation for computer-mediated communication nor a system of education that has yet managed to construct such a thing.

 

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