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Kubuntu 15.04 embraces KDE's Plasma 5 desktop

Chris Hoffman | Nov. 6, 2014
KDE's experimental Plasma 5 desktop is officially ready for the big time, and will become the default desktop environment in Kubuntu 15.04.

plasma 5.0 login splash

Big changes are barreling down the pipeline for Kubuntu. Developer Jonathan Riddell recently announced that Kubuntu 15.04 will feature KDE's next-generation Plasma 5 desktop environment by default. "It has shown itself as a solid and reliable platform and it's time to show it off to the world," he wrote.

This means KDE Plasma 5.0 is basically "KDE 5.0"--a huge step forward for the KDE project.

14.10 is an odd release for Ubuntu and its KDE-sporting Kubuntu derivative. For Ubuntu proper, the real action is going on in those Ubuntu Desktop Next images. For Kubuntu, the Kubuntu 14.10 Plasma 5 Tech Preview images are the place to look.

Breeze beat Yosemite to the punch
Plasma 5.0 brings significant changes, both visual and under the hood. The first thing you'll notice is the new theme, named "Breeze." It's a high-contrast, flat theme designed to be cleaner and more readable, with more a focus on typography.

Mac OS X Yosemite and Android Lollipop immediately came to mind when I first saw the Breeze theme in action, but that isn't fair to KDE. Plasma 5.0 and Breeze were announced long before Apple showed off Mac OS X Yosemite and Google demonstrated the flat "Material Design" for Android L. The KDE project clearly had their finger on the pulse here, and they're keeping up with the big commercial operating systems. Plasma 5 and Breeze definitely feel modern.

There are also some neat effects. When you move a window around, the window becomes partially transparent, which makes positioning the window easy by allowing you to see behind it. It's like the translucent eye candy found in Windows 7 and Mac OS X Yosemite--but more functional.

A fully hardware-accelerated graphics stack
The interface should also feel smoother, but not just because of the new theme. Plasma 5.0's user interface is rendered with OpenGL, which means it can entirely be offloaded to the graphics hardware. This frees up CPU resources and makes the interface smoother. It increases your desktop's FPS, as a gamer might say.

Plasma 5.0 also has updates to better work with high-DPI displays, from Apple's "Retina" displays to those high-DPI screens popping up on PC laptops and tablets. The interface can scale more intelligently.

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The graphics stack changes lay the groundwork for Plasma 5.0 to run on Wayland, a new display server system being designed to replace the X Window System and Canonical is heading off in their own direction and developing Mir, a display server that will compete with Wayland. The KDE project doesn't appear to have any plans to support Mir. This is sure to be a point of contention in the future, as the Wayland vs. Mir debates can already get quite bitter at times.


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