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IT issues leave Kenya presidential election results halfway pending

Dennis Mbuvi | March 6, 2013
Issues with electronic vote results transmission have left Kenyans unclear of who is the winner of the presidential poll in more than 24 hours after close of official voting in the 2013 General Elections held Monday. Voting in stations that began voting past 6 AM was extended by the same margin of delay, while other stations also extended voting past 5 PM to accommodate those in the queue in accordance to Kenyan laws. By midnight Tuesday, only presidential results from about 10,000 polling stations of a total of about 33,400 stations had been received. The results remained largely unchanged through Tuesday leading to anxiety among Kenyans.

In addition, there were also reported delays in constituencies submitting their manual results to county tallying centres. The county tallying centres collect all results from constituencies in a county, which then transmit the same to the national tallying centre, currently stationed at the Bomas of Kenya.

Safaricom, Kenya's largest mobile network operator have absolved themselves from the delay, stating they are only involved in transmission of results from Nokia handsets in use by IEBC presiding officers to the national tallying centre. This, they said, was still functioning.

In a series of posts on Twitter, Safaricom CEO, Bob Collymore tweeted, "We do have adequate capacity and our network is fully functioning. The problem is not with us." He also responded to Tweets, '"@henryegesa:@skmusyoka@bobcollymore is it the network that is causing the delay of results reaching the IEBC?" No.' and, ' "@leadershipkenya@bobcollymore, hope its not Safaricom Network holding the results!" My team & I were up all nite to make sure it doesn't.'

Google has also clarified their role as limited to the provision of an Application Programming Interface (API), which enables developers and media stations to obtain a live relay of the results from IEBC servers. In addition, Google is also allowing Internet users to access provisional results on the domain.

In a response to Erik Hersman, iHub founder, and Ushahidi co-founder, Dorothy Ooko - Google Communications Manager for East and Francophone Africa, tweeted, "The IEBC website  is powered by Google as are the maps."

Ushahidi is behind the Uchaguzi platform, which is using crowd sourcing to monitor the 2013 Kenya General Elections at Hersman has also researched on the technology suppliers behind the electronic vote results transmission, listing Safaricom, Next Technologies and Google. In his blog post, Hersman lists Next Technologies as being behind the managing and hosting of servers which receive and hold the vote result data. You can read Hersman's blog on the same at

The electronic vote results transmission is reported to have presented major technical issues at an earlier demonstration as reported by The Star

Additionally, electronic voter identification kits (EVID) saw a more than 50 percent failure rate during voting on Monday, with issues ranging from non functional kits to drained batteries. The failure delayed start of voting and interrupted the same at various stations. Manual poll books were used as fall back.

Rejected votes are also presenting an issue, with the current 330,260 rejected votes almost doubling those of the third placed candidate, Musalia Mudavadi at 148,225 votes. IEBC has hinted at an audit of the cause, with purported reasons being incorrectly marked votes  and voters placing ballots in wrong boxes, probably due to unclear colour coding. The current election saw Kenyans voting for twice as many positions with additional ballots for governors, senators and women representative posts.


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