"Science is a personal priority of mine," said U.K. Chancellor George Osborne, in a speech last month outlining the quantum computing effort.
Quantum computing uses subatomic particles and has the potential to leapfrog all other forms of computing. Today, computation is based on bits that can be either 0 or 1, with calculations done one after the other. But quantum can hold those states, 0 and 1, simultaneously increasing processing power exponentially.
In the U.S., quantum computing work is underway at federal research facilities.
NASA's Ames Research Center has two 512-qubit D-Wave Two quantum computers. In November, it announced that it was working with Google and others to create the Quantum Artificial Intelligence Laboratory.
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