Retail theft is a huge and costly problem for the industry. According to the "Global Retail Theft Barometer 2013-2014," released by Checkpoint Systems in October 2014, total shrinkage among retailers in North America was $42 billion for the time period covered by the report.
North American companies had the highest shrinkage rate in the world, "as it has the highest concentration of retail stores and significantly lower retail loss prevention spend" than other regions, the study notes. U.S.-based discounters, pharmacies/drug stores and supermarkets/grocery retailers had the highest shrinkage rates, stemming from shoplifting, dishonest employee theft and organized retail crime.
Nearly all types of retail stores in the U.S. were affected by dishonest employee theft and shoplifting, according to the report.
Retailers can take steps to try to prevent or at least reduce losses due to theft at point of sale (POS) and shrink. Here are some suggestions from experts in the field.
Leverage the latest technologies. Fortunately for retailers, there's no shortage of technology tools to deter theft and shrink. The use of electronic article surveillance (EAS) technology remains a viable part of retailer's efforts in shrink reduction, says Curtis Baillie, an independent security management consultant specializing in retail security/loss prevention.
This includes using anti-theft tags, spider wraps and technology that detects foil-lined bags and EAS jammers that some shoplifters use to try to bypass surveillance systems, Baillie says. Theft denial systems are also popular with retailers. For example benefit denial systems include ink tags and various other devices such as magnetic stainless steel clips designed to protect neckwear, eyewear and lingerie, he says.
Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) systems, which use tags and readers that enable retailers to track items as they're moved within and outside of a store, can help deter theft and provide information about the type of merchandise that's being taken. Retailers can use EPC tags to identify individual items uniquely.
By combining EAS and RFID systems, retailers can have real-time information about missing items. Dual EAS and RFID tags can provide security as well as inventory visibility, enabling retailers to better track inventory.
Other technology tools that can be used to prevent theft are video systems such as closed-circuit television (CCTV), which can be used at the point of sale or elsewhere in stores; and facial recognition systems, which retailers can use to capture images of offenders.
The use of video analytics with overhead CCTV observation of the sales counter "can be a real-time deterrent to incidents of internal shrink," says Bob Moraca, vice president of loss prevention at the National Retail Federation (NRF), the world's largest retail trade association.
"Video analytics is the capability of automatically analyzing video to detect and determine if an anomaly has taken place based on a set of instructions built into the video software," Moraca says. "The technology is able to count items, superimpose the register receipt over the video and then track things like item count compared to the register receipt, voids, returns and even instances where the cash register drawer has been open too long."
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