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How to make a bootable OS X 10.10 Yosemite install drive

Dan Frakes | July 29, 2014
You can install the OS X Yosemite beta directly from your Mac's hard drive. But creating a bootable installer drive lets you install it on multiple Macs and also makes a handy emergency drive. Here's how to set one up.

Connect to your Mac the properly formatted hard drive or flash drive you want to use for your bootable Yosemite beta installer.

In Disk Utility, find this destination drive in the left sidebar. You may see a couple partitions under the drive: one named EFI and another with the name you see for the drive in the Finder. Drag the latter--the one with the drive name--into the Destination field on the right. (If the destination drive has additional partitions, just drag the partition you want to use as your bootable installer volume.)

Warning: This step will erase the destination drive or partition, so make sure that it doesn't contain any valuable data. Click Restore, and then click Erase in the dialog box that appears; if prompted, enter an admin-level username and password.

Wait for the restore procedure to finish, which should take just a few minutes.

Open the destination drive--the one you're using for your bootable installer drive, which has been renamed OS X Base System. Inside that drive, open the System folder, and then open the Installation folder. You'll see an alias called Packages. Delete that alias.

Open the mounted OS X Install ESD volume, and you'll see a folder called Packages. Drag that folder into the Installation folder on your destination drive. (You're replacing the deleted Packages alias with this Packages folder.) The folder is about 4.6GB in size, so the copy will take a bit of time, especially if you're copying to a slow thumb drive.

Also in the mounted OS X Install ESD volume, you'll find files named BaseSystem.chunklist and BaseSystem.dmg. Copy these files to the root (top) level of your install drive (OS X Base System, not into the System or Installation folder).

Eject the OS X Install ESD volume.

You'll likely want to re-hide invisible files in the Finder. Open the Terminal app, type (or copy and paste) the following command, and then press Return:

defaults write com.apple.finder AppleShowAllFiles 0 && killall Finder

You now have a bootable Yosemite-beta install drive. If you like, you can rename the drive from OS X Base System to something more descriptive, such as Yosemite Beta Installer.

Option 3: Use Terminal

If you're a Terminal jockey, you likely know that most of Disk Utility's features can be accessed using shell commands--which means that you can perform the Disk Utility procedure using a few commands in Terminal.

Download the Yosemite beta installer from the Mac App Store and make sure it's in your main Applications folder (/Applications)--it's called Install OS X Yosemite Beta.app.

Connect to your Mac a properly formatted 8GB (or larger) drive. Rename the drive to Untitled. (The Terminal commands I provide here assume the drive is named Untitled.)

 

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