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How spectrum can save lives

Zafar Anjum | July 15, 2013
Motorola Solutions’s Bharat Bhatia, Regional Director, Government Affairs for the APAC and Middle East regions, speaks on public protection, spectrum harmonisation and why Asia is leading in this area.

"There is a Canadian report also which talks about 20 MHz. This is done by the Canadian Defense Research and Development Center in Canada. This study was done here in Asia because Asia is slightly different. There was a professor from the Hong Kong University, Professor John Ure who is based in Singapore. He conducted this study and he is also recommending 10+10 MHz. He is an economics professor. He also did the valuation of that spectrum and how much are the losses per capita in different Asian countries.

"Asia is an example but in each country what is the cost of that spectrum and what the value of the losses due to earthquakes, terrorist activities is, etc. So all these basic studies basically bring down that approximately 10 +10 MHz due dates so that the whole spectrum is needed and this is the minimum that is needed around the globe. Our studies point to almost the same thing."

Public Protection

"So with this background, I will just take you to what is happening on a global basis at the international level," he says. "The first thing is the concept of BBPPDR. That is two terms which are PP and DR. The PP basically stands for 'Public Protection'. It means the maintenance of law and order, protection of life and property and emergency situations on a daily basis. So if there is a fire, if there is a terrorist activity, minor small day-to-day kind, all that is called public protection.

"Disaster is when there is a serious disruption in society like 9/11, like a tsunami, like earthquakes, like the floods where society gets separated completely on a widespread basis and there is a threat to human life, health, property and environment. So the PPDR concept actually has both of these. So whether we talk about public safety we actually talk about this term PPDR. I actually coined this term PPDR in the ITU. "

"For PPDR there is something called World Radio Conference. World Radio Conference is basically a global body which lays down global legal laws on the spectrum. So whatever WRC decides has the equivalence of a global legal treaty and every country is legally bound by this. So the outcome of any World Radio Conference is a legally bound document with regards to radio relations and in 2003 they adopted Resolution 646, a very important resolution in the media and 646 basically says that in different parts of the world, these will be the frequencies that will be used. So frequencies are identified in the resolution itself.

"So for anybody who knows spectrum or who does spectrum management, 646 is a basic document which we as Motorola piloted along with the Indian government, along with the Singapore government, along with the Chinese government; all the governments got together and approved this resolution. It's signed and it's a law today in every country. Every country has signed and we were one of the major drivers of this resolution.


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