The Commission can impose a fine of up to 10 percent of a company's annual revenue if it believes its concerns have not been addressed. It can also order changes in the company's operations to remove any antitrust breaches. However Competition Commissioner Joaquin Almunia is reluctant to go down this time-consuming route in the fast-moving IT sector, preferring to reach mutual agreement with companies under the so-called Article 9 provision. Once measures are accepted by the Commission, they become legally binding.
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