The final roadmap lays out ways to improve technical standards and has implementation guidance for priority data domains. In the near-term, the roadmap focuses on using commonly available standards, while pushing for new standards and technology approaches, such as the use of application programming interfaces (APIs) for sharing patient information.
The plan emphasizes the need to build on the technology and investments made already, while continuing to seek ways to support innovation and move beyond EHRs as the sole data source to a wide range of health information technologies used by individuals, providers and researchers.
The roadmap calls for rapidly shifting and aligning federal, state and commercial payment policies from fee-for-service to value-based models to stimulate the demand for interoperability. And it clarifies and seeks to align federal and state privacy and security requirements that enable interoperability.
The roadmap lays out three, six and 10-year goals for collaboration among public and private healthcare providers to achieve information interoperability.
From 2015 through 2017, the plan outlines how to send, receive, find and use priority data domains to improve healthcare quality and outcomes.
From 2018 through 2020, the plan outlines how to expand data sources and users in an interoperable health IT ecosystem to improve healthcare and lower costs for it.
From 2021 through 2024, the plan outlines how to achieve nationwide interoperability to enable a learning healthcare system.
"This Roadmap has been developed in partnership with the private sector and provides a clear, strategic approach to see that we successfully achieve seamless interoperability by creating the right financial incentives, establishing shared and explicit standards, and developing a trusted environment for data flow that enables patients to make their health records accessible anywhere they choose to seek care," DeSalvo said.
Sign up for CIO Asia eNewsletters.