"The value of undetectably subverting the result of an election is enormous, and there are well-placed concerns that poorly designed or implemented e-voting and i-voting systems could make achieving this much easier than in conventional voting systems. For example, in the US in the last couple of decades, there have been many issues with the voting machines themselves, not to mention the vote collating processes and so on."
He said voting electronically would need some specific security measures and the machines would need to be properly equipped to counter cyber attacks.
"If e-criminals could gain illicit access to the voting machines or vote counting processes, they could insert malware to subvert the vote-taking software in the voting machines, or miscommunicate or otherwise usurp the vote collation and counting process."
Additionally, he said votes sent over the internet could be targeted by a third-party attack against the voter's browser or man-in-the-middle network attacks while hackers could also compromise users by sending fake registration confirmation emails.
"Strong attacks could be launched against passwords, while 'hacktivists' may look to carry out a DDoS attack, flooding the vote-registering web server with traffic and knocking the voting system offline altogether."
Source: CIO Australia
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