The amendment is intended to prevent unreasonable searches and seizures, and requires warrants to be judicially sanctioned and supported by probable cause. Not knowing what they might find on Figini's iPhone, Italian authorities have difficulty in satisfying the amendment's requirement that they provide a detailed description of "the persons or things to be seized."
"The case shows the need for internationally accepted legal rules," Guastella said. "If the device had been manufactured by an Italian company the authorities would already have succeeded in opening it by now."
Apple did not immediately answer a request for clarification of its privacy rules and for information on how it intended to respond to the Italian justice authorities' request for assistance.
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