SAN FRANCISCO, 20 DECEMBER 2010 - Just in time for the holidays, my neighborhood has been dusted with several inches of snow. And since getting snow in the Seattle area is never a sure thing--I've experienced a few winters with nary a flake--I didn't want to squander the opportunity to take some photos. After all, snow makes a great backdrop for wintertime photo shoots, such as Christmas light displays. Taking great pictures in the show can be challenging, though, so I offer you five tips for taking pictures in snow and chilly winter weather.
1. Plan for the Cold
This might seem obvious, but it's cold out there. Dress warm and in layers. I've found fingerless gloves very handy for manipulating camera controls. Recently, I've come across a new style of fingerless glove, mittens with fingertip covers that flip off, so you can keep warm most of the time and then expose your fingertips when you need to access small camera controls. Of course, these things might have been in stores for years and I've just never noticed before--as my wife is quick to point out, I'm oblivious to fashion trends.
2. Keep a Spare Battery
Your camera's battery won't last as long in the cold as it does in normal conditions. If you don't want to end your day early, carry a spare battery in an inside pocket, where it will be somewhat protected from the cold. After you switch batteries, put the "dead" battery in the inside pocket, and it's possible your body heat might revive it to take a few more shots later in the day.
3. Frost Is Best Shot Early in the Day
I love taking pictures of virgin frost clinging to trees, leaves, pine needles, and holiday lights. But frost is unbelievably delicate, and even a little sunlight will make it start to melt and lose its magically light, crystalline structure. If you want to get close-ups of ice crystals and frost before they start to decay, get outside in the early morning hours.
4. Don't Trust Your Camera's Exposure Meter
Think about it this way: Learn what your camera is trying to tell you, and know how to adjust it accordingly. The problem is that snow is pure white, and when you take a picture, your camera exposes it so it comes out gray. Worse, if your photo is composed mostly of snow but features a dark, small subject (like a person), then that subject will be underexposed. The fix? Overexpose the shot by about one stop using your camera's exposure compensation control.
You'll also want to keep an eye on the histogram display in your camera's LCD viewfinder and make sure that the graph is mostly on the right, but not badly "clipped" off the side. Alternately, you could also shoot the photo as-is (especially if you can shoot in RAW mode) and then tweak the brightness and contrast on your PC using your photo editing program.
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