Effectiveness: Theoretically high
How common? Never
Insurance by a third party, or by the vendor could help displace costs resulting from a security or data loss issue.
Effectiveness: Potentially helpful, but like the downtime credits, does not necessarily create incentive for provider to avoid a breach
How common? Rare, but growing
Negotiate security clauses
These allow customers to negotiate higher levels of security for certain programs or data.
Effectiveness: Potentially high
How common? Mostly for large customers only
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