Google pays homage today to the 57th anniversary of the first commercially available videocassette recorder. But that gadget didn't simply enable us to record daytime TV for evening viewing; it soon forged a legal precedent for the next generation of home entertainment technology.
In celebration of the VCR, YouTube has added a fun VHS tape emulator to select videos on the site. The effect is a startlingly accurate portrayal of what it was like for homes across America back in the grainy days of the 1980s and '90s, a.k.a. the dark days before the advent of the DVD player.
With one click on the VHS tape icon, you'll immediately see the hallmarks of the most popular VCR format for the home: White lines of static, the fuzzy image resolution, the occasional slip of vertical hold, and even that slanted image distortion when you hit pause. The only thing missing are onscreen control icons and timers in big, chunky fonts.
YouTube's recollection of VHS is, of course, a little over the top. There were times when VHS images were clear--at least for the first four or five spins of a new movie. Over time, however, all VHS tapes end up pretty much as YouTube portrays them.
A dead technology still living strong
The VCR may not appear immediately significant to our current era of DVRs, torrents, and online streaming, but the early set-top box prompted a major win for user rights in the so-called Betamax case.
In 1984, Sony, the creator of the Betamax VCR, argued in the U.S. Supreme Court with Universal Studios and Disney over whether the VCR could be used to infringe copyright and whether Sony was responsible for that infringement. The court ruled that Sony could not be held accountable for what someone does with a VCR since you could use the technology for both infringing and non-infringing users. The court also made it clear that time shifting, which allows you record a TV show for private use and later watching, did not constitute copyright infringement.
"Thanks to the Betamax ruling," digital rights group the Electronic Frontier Foundation says. "...[makers of]...technology capable of infringing and non-infringing uses (e.g., personal computers, CD burners, the TiVo DVR, Apple's iPod, and Web browsers) can continue to sell their wares without fear of lawsuits from copyright owners."
The effects of the Betamax case continue to influence issues surrounding copyright, most recently with the legal spat between Aereo and the television networks.
Aereo meets Betamax
Aereo is a start-up that lets you rent a tiny TV antenna for $8 to $12 per month, and then either watch live broadcasts online or record TV shows to a remote DVR for later streaming. This set-up infuriates the networks, as it cuts them out of lucrative retransmission fees from Aereo.
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