After John Kerry lost a very winnable election in 2004, Democrats were worried that Republicans had gained an almost insurmountable lead in both technology and data analysis.
"Progressive technology infrastructure was born in 2004, when we got our teeth kicked in," says Bryan Whitaker, COO of the NGP VAN, a privately held company that offers technology-based services to Democratic candidates.
"Back in 2004, we had no counter to the right's consistent messaging machine. Fox News, talk radio, Drudge, etc. put out consistent, never-ending messages, and the left didn't have a viable response to that," he says. "As we investigated ways to catch up, one thing we realized we should focus on is figuring out how to build up better grassroots efforts. The most persuasive way to influence someone is through person-to-person interactions, but how do you do that effectively, especially in off-year elections?"
The answer ended up being technology. The Democratic Party started building databases with detailed voter information, started deploying data analytics tools, and quickly saw the possibilities of social media. Those advantages gave Democrats an edge in the 2012 election, where technology was widely credited with helping President Obama defeat Mitt Romney, particularly when Romney's big-data-driven poll monitoring network, dubbed Project Orca, crashed and burned on election day.
The right starts to close the gap
After the debacle of 2012, the right has been playing catch-up. Its latest tech effort is Para Bellum Labs, which the Republican National Committee refers to as "a startup company housed in the RNC." Other Republican-leaning or Republican-sponsored tools include VoterGravity, which leverages mapping software from Esri to create more accurate voter targeting and volunteer walk lists; Data Trust, the right's Big Data tool; and i360, a rival Big Data platform sponsored by the Koch brothers.
Even with all of those efforts, the right is still behind in terms of technological know-how and savvy. And technologists on the right are often the first to admit this.
Ned Ryun, the CEO of VoterGravity, which bills itself as a center-right data-driven election tech platform, noted that culture is a big part of the problem. "The biggest challenge of the center-right is not talent or technology," Ryun said. "Our biggest weakness is a culture where important things like data and analysis are not emphasized. As a guy who's done grassroots campaigns in past and as a tech guy, as well, this worries me."
Tools like VoterGravity should help close the gap but only if the Democrats don't pull too far ahead with other innovations. One of the goals of VoterGravity is to eliminate what Ryun refers to as data loss. In this case, data loss refers not to the kind of loss associated with a security breach, but to all of the information volunteers collect when they interact with voters and then do nothing with.
Sign up for CIO Asia eNewsletters.