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Why political candidates can't do agile

David Taber | June 10, 2016
It’s voting season, and we all know how candidates for office act. They have to be light on their feet, but their behavior is anything but ’agile‘… and their habits would destroy any agile project. Once you’ve absorbed that idea, substitute the word ’executives‘ for ‘candidates.’

Regardless of who the candidate is or how competitive the race might be, the political animal is a creature of habit. If you took those habits and applied them to an agile software project, there’s almost no chance that things would turn out well.

  • Politicians live in a world where they need to make promises that they have no idea how they are going to keep. Who’s going to pay for that bridge to nowhere? Not my taxpayers. Agile projects need a world where almost no specific promise would ever be made until it’s right on the cusp of being delivered with quality.
  • Politicians love to give pretty the same speech over and over again: once they’ve found what whips up the crowd, they’ll push that button until they wear it out. Agile projects require priorities to be re-thought with each sprint, and talking points to evolve.
  • A politician’s promises are additive: the new ones don’t replace or supersede those made during the last debate. So the collective pile of promises ratchets ever upward. Agile projects call for constant tradeoffs, and each new sprint tries to start with a fresh priority list. A new “promise” can’t be made without de-prioritizing (read: sacrificing) some of the old ones.
  • Political promises are made with the idea that any obstacle can be overcome (or simply removed) if only we had a change of leadership. Since each politician’s personal leadership is the solution, they tend to be very poor delegators. Often, they don’t really trust the people underneath them. Agile can’t do its magic unless the leaders trust the scrum team to make really good decisions and consistently delegate to them.

What’s ironic about all this is that the day after the election, the winning politician suddenly lives in the ultimate agile world:

  • If the Congressional session is interpreted as a sprint, then the Speaker of the House and leader of the Senate are the scrum masters.
  • In a Congressional session, there is no promise of performance or deliverables. There are only two things that you can state with certainty before or during a Congress: The sprint will take exactly two years and they will spend about 10 percent more money than they actually have.
  • The output of the sprint is only as good as the effective intelligence of the players and the teamwork of the Congress. The challenge is to make the effective intelligence the “high water mark” rather than the “lowest common denominator” among 435 “adults.” Good luck with that.
  • If you don’t accept the idea that compromise and horse-trading are part of the process, nothing can be produced.
  • All the bloviation in the world will not get anything done. The politician depends upon his/her staff and the underlying bureaucracy (read: the scrum team) to make things happen.


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