There are various options that could be used to revamp the lottery systems apart from the Grassley-Durbin proposal.
The IEEE-USA has developed specific ideas for distributing the H-1B visa around salary, and Rep. Zoe Lofgren (D-Calif.), introduced legislation in the House that creates a priority system.
If the draft executive order is signed as is, within 90 days DHS will "review all regulations that allow foreign nationals to work in the United States, determine which of those regulations violate the immigration laws or are otherwise not in the national interest and should be rescinded, and propose for notice and comment a rule to rescind or modify such regulations."
The draft executive order also calls for stepped up enforcement -- including site visits -- of L-1 visa using firms. This visa is used for intracompany transfers.
The draft order seeks, as well, a reexamination of the Optional Practical Training program that allows STEM grads to work on their student visas for up to three years. Specifically, it seeks reforms "to prevent disadvantaging of U.S. students in the workforce, better protect U.S. and foreign workers affected by such programs."
And it asks for regulations that clarify "comprehensively" how the business and tourist visas can be used.
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