This vendor-written tech primer has been edited to eliminate product promotion, but readers should note it will likely favor the submitter’s approach.
Software Defined WAN technology makes it possible to create a transparent, logical enterprise IP network across a mix of service provider technologies and add advanced features such as application-based traffic routing or custom security provisions to meet strict compliance requirements.
However, operating such a network on top of various underlying network architectures—at scale—remains difficult, and SD-WAN overlay networks cannot, per se, address poor-performing WAN connections. The key is being able to manage the underlying network architecture, which is handled differently by the various vendors in the business, each of which has its particular focus and strengths. In general, they can be classified as follows:
* Controller-based solutions—mostly vendor specific—that can auto-discover and configure standard network architectures on vendor’s network devices. These solutions work effectively when environments are highly standardized. Their main focus is to reduce the complexity of managing a large number of devices consistently. They provide a single point of administration, but multiple controllers may be needed depending on network architecture and policy requirements.
* Appliance-based overlay solutions that create a virtual IP network between the vendor’s own appliances across any network. Overlay solutions are an attractive choice for many because they can be deployed quickly. They typically use vendor-proprietary appliances and software. This approach results in solutions with features not available with open networking standards, but can lack customizability, and are dependent on the performance of the underlying infrastructure complicating root cause analysis and troubleshooting. End-users must also turn to an additional hardware vendor to manage for support and lifecycle management.
* Advanced automation and change control solutions that leverage existing hardware and enable and manage SD-WAN and the underlying infrastructure. These solutions leverage existing infrastructure, can address high customization needs and enable features that are otherwise difficult to manage manually on complex architectures. Also, they are often cost-effective: in most cases, no hardware refresh is required, and they provide a solution for both the overlay network and the underlying network infrastructure. Troubleshooting is simplified due to existing expertise, and they can be used transparently across multiple vendors. They may need some additional time for setup and training.
Each of these approaches offers benefits, but each also present challenges. Overlay solutions are attractive for many because they can be deployed quickly, but they may lack sufficient customizations or create additional complexity for troubleshooting. Controller-based solutions work effectively when environments are highly standardized. Network automation and change control solutions can address high customization requirements but may need additional time for implementation.
Considerations for SD-WAN transition
Regardless of the type of solution chosen, a Ssuccessful transition to a fully automated and integrated SD-WAN network is a challenging process, regardless of which type of solution is chosen. Existing change control mechanisms are often ill equipped to handle the complexity during transition. Configuration mistakes are unavoidable, especially with manual processes involved, and even the most elaborate testing may not find rare conditions that only reveal themselves when the network is under load at the most critical times.
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