Privacy plays a major role when it comes to 2014 cybersecurity predictions for the cloud.
Jeff Jones, of Microsoft's Trustworthy Computing, predicted a rise of regional cloud services in 2014.
In the wake of heightened concerns about unauthorized access to data, we will see the emergence and broad promotion of regional Cloud service offerings. The increased sensitivity to both legal data access and intelligence monitoring will be seen as a market opportunity that will be actioned in two ways - startups and existing providers. Regional start-ups will see a new opportunity to compete against global providers, while existing providers will develop and offer services delivered from regionally-based data centers in an effort to allay concerns and provide increased customer choice. We also anticipate continued levels of interest in the efforts of technology company support of principles to reform government surveillance practices.
Learning the NSA tapped "inter-data-center connections" gave Microsoft a "wake-up call," according to Microsoft Technical Fellow Mark Russinovich, who works as a lead architect for Windows Azure. He told Wired that instead of using "monster routers," Microsoft will utilize datacenter server CPUs to encrypt channels so every individual service will be encrypted when it talks to another service.
"It requires the right custom software - software that must be installed on every single machine - and it requires some extra computation, which is going to have some impact,"said Matthew Green, cryptographer and assistant research professor at the Johns Hopkins Information Security Institute. He added, Microsoft and Google "are realizing that cloud services are some huge percentage of their future revenue and they're saying: 'We can't be caught collaborating with the government.'"
That perceived collaboration between the NSA and tech giants has caused the Internet "to break up into national segments," stated Kaspersky Lab. Too many people don't trust cloud services within the USA, so "the shadowy Darknet will be the only truly world-wide web."
Several countries, including Russia, have adopted or are planning to adopt legislation prohibiting the use of foreign services. Snowden's revelations have intensified the demand for these rules. In November, Germany announced that all communications between the German authorities would be fully locked within the country. Brazil has announced its plans to build an alternative Internet channel so as not to use the one that goes through Florida (USA).
"Amid privacy concerns, cloud service providers will have to continue showing security controls and data privacy protection," predicted Trend Micro [pdf]. "The exposure of state-sponsored monitoring will push entities to reconsider where they choose to store their data. Distrust in using U.S. infrastructure may ensue, with foreign governments possibly discontinuing their use. Concerns over international monitoring may cause some states to consider revising policies, specifically those involving Internet use. Despite public outcry though, we will see more of these types of state-level monitoring to occur."
Sign up for CIO Asia eNewsletters.